Equus Ferus Przewalskii
Przewalski is pronounced “shur-val-skee”. These wild horses have never been successfully domesticated. Although both domestic and Przewalski's horses evolved from a common ancestor they are separate species.
By 1969 this species was extinct in the wild. All Przewalski’s horses alive today are descended from a founding population of nine horses held in two zoos. The captive breeding program has increased the population to over 1500 individuals. Port Lympne Reserve became involved in the reintroduction of Przewalski’s horses when in 1992 10 Przewalski’s horses were sent to China and 1 in 1996.
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The Przewalski's horse was originally native to China and Mongolia. Approximately 300 Przewalski's horses have now been reintroduced to Mongolia. Those herds now graze the fields of the Khustain Nuruu National Park, Takhin Tal Nature Reserve, Khar Us Nuur National Park, and Khomiin Tal Reserve.
Przewalski's horses live in small, permanent family groups, which are comprised of a mature stallion, one to three mature females, and their offspring. The juveniles stay within the family group for two to three years before they go off in search of potential mates.